Magadan has wide international contacts. Business relations with foreign partners are developing at all levels - from the interaction of legislators, businesses, social organizations and movements to various contacts between whole cities and individuals.

Magadan has sister city relations established with cities in the USA (Anchorage), China (Tonghua and Shuangyashan), Latvia (Jelgava), and Bulgaria (Zlatitsa). Partnership relations are established with the provinces of Japan, and cities of South Korea.



About the city
Anchorage, located in the southern part of Alaska, is the northernmost city in the United States. Is the largest city in Alaska. 42% of the state's population live in Anchorage. According to the 2010 census, the city population is 291,826 people. White Americans make up 69.8% of the population; African Americans - 6.3%; Asians - 6.1%; Native Americans - 5.5%.
The Mayor of Anchorage is Dan Sullivan.

Anchorage, unlike any other city in Alaska south of the Brooks chains, has never been a fishing or mining center. Territory for dozens of miles around Anchorage is barren piece of land on which there are no mineral deposits important for the economy of the region.
The city owes its foundation to a coincidence. In 1914, the place where the modern Anchorage is now, was chosen as the railway center location. This center was to build Alaska Railroad. The railway was built in 9 years from 1915 to 1923. The place where the headquarters of the railroad were, quickly became the campsite. It was there that Anchorage was founded on November 20, 1920.
Anchorage is located in the subarctic climatic zone. However, due to the fact that the city is protected by Chugach mountain and by the Alaskan Range, and also due to warm Pacific currents, the climate in Anchorage is quite temperate, with great maritime influence. The average January temperature is 15.8 F. Snow falls in moderate amounts (less than in central Russia). Summer in Anchorage is mild but rainy, with average July temperature 58.5 F.

Tourism plays an important role in the city economy. The main tourist season in Alaska lasts only four months, and most of the visitors to the peninsula initially come to Anchorage.

In Anchorage there are Heritage Center of the Indigenous Peoples of Alaska; Museum of Anchorage; Anchorage Museum of History and Art; Anchorage Museum of Aviation; the Alaska Zoo and others.

Anchorage has 223 municipal parks with total area of 10,946 acres. The parks are equipped with 82 children play grounds and 110 sport fields. Also, the city has 11 recreation centers and 5 swimming pools. Also there are 250 km of trails in the areas of wildlife and wildlife habitat.

Anchorage has the main airport in Alaska – Ted Stevens International Airport. Today this is one of the busiest airports in the world in terms of cargo transportation.
In addition to rail and air communication, seaport also plays an important role in the region's economy, as 95% of all goods arriving in Alaska are unloaded here.



About the city
Tonghua City, Jilin Province is located in the northeast of China at the foot of the beautiful Chen Bei Shan mountains.
In this region of China there are magnificent mountains, beautiful rivers, rich flora, abundant in medicinal plants.
Tonghua was founded in the 19th century. In 1930 in Tonghua, part of Manchukuo, Japanese companies began industrial construction. In 1937-1943 Tonghua was the capital of one of Manchukuo provinces.
In 1949 Tonghua became part of Liaoning Province, and in 1954 of the province of Jilin.
Tonghua urban district is divided into 2 districts, 2 urban divisions and 3 urban county districts. The territory of the city is 15195 square kilometers. Population - 232.4 million people (2011).
Mayor of Tunhua is Tian Yulin.

Social services
The city has 6 theaters, 10 cultural centers, eight public libraries. The health sector is represented by 662 institutions, including 42 hospitals, 89 medical centers, 447 health centers, etc.
In 2010 Tunghua schools had around 243 thousand school students, more than 22 thousand students in professional schools, about 11 thousand students in colleges and universities.

The city economy is represented by metallurgy, metal-working, woodworking, paper, and pharmaceutical industries. Near Tonghua iron ore and coal are mined.
The main types of agricultural activities are the production of grain, corn and rice, as well as livestock and poultry breeding.



About the city
Jelgava City is located in the southern part of Zemgalsky lowland, on the Lielupe river. Distance to the Latvian capital Riga is 42 km.
The city population is 64.5 thousand people (2011). Ethnic composition: 55.5% – Latvian, 29.1% – Russian, 5,6% – Belarusian, 2.8% – Ukrainian, 2% – Poles, 1.5% – Lithuanians.
Jelgava is considered the fourth in terms of populations in Latvia.
Area: 60.32
Altitude: 2.5 – 4.5 m above sea level.
Climate: warm summer and spring, a relatively warm autumn and cold winter.
Mayor of Jelgava is Andris Ravinsh.
The city is located at the intersection of six highways and five rail road lines. It is an important industrial, administrative, educational and cultural center.

Sports honor of the city on the Latvian and international arenas is defended by the following commands: "Jelgava" football club, "Zemgale / ELSSh" hockey club, "Zemgale" basketball club.
A multipurpose sports complex Zemgale Olympic Centre opened in September 2010 is located in the city. Also there is an "Ice Palace of Latvian Krajbank", where various competitions on the ice are held.

In Jelgava there are many listed buildings, especially from the time of the Russian Empire. One of them is Mitavsky Castle – the residence of Ernst Biron.
Also the building of the first higher education institution in the country Academia Petrina, founded by Duke Peter Biron in 1773, designed by Danish architect Severin Jensen (now the building is holding a city museum, named after a native of the place, the artist Gederts Elias).
On November 18, 2010 the renovated tower of the Holy Trinity was opened for the first time for both tourists and residents of the city. Its 9 floors contain a restaurant, a glass observation deck, a museum display, and a tourist information center.
Jelgava has many museums, such as: Trinity Tower National History Museum; Jelgava Museum of History and Art named after G. Elias; Memorial Museum of Adolf Alunan; Historical Museum of Latvia rail roads, and others.
There are also several old churches: Lutheran Church of St. Anne (1641); Orthodox Cathedral of St. Simeon and Anna (1774); Catholic Cathedral of Virgin Mary (1906); Lutheran Church of St. Jan (currently closed) (1845); Baptist Church (1870).

In Jelgava traditional areas of production are food processing, metal and metal works production, machinery construction, wood processing, and furniture manufacturing. The development of these areas are facilitated by the presence of Latvia University of Agriculture in the city, where specialists in these areas of production are trained.



About the city
The city of Zlatitsa is located in the Zlatishskaya valley, 77 km east of Sofia and 4 km west of Pirdop. The city is dominated by the majestic peaks of the central Balkan mountain range (Stara Planina), which turns the city into a wonderful tourist destination.
It is possible that the name of the town is connected with gold, which was mined here in ancient times.
In the Middle Ages the town became an important administrative center. The main occupation of the population was cattle breeding and agriculture.

City engaged in wool manufacturing and exporting. Due to its strategic location, Zlatitsa has become a flourishing craft and trade center.
Today it is a growing tourist center. The city is also known through its modern copper extraction plant.
The population of Zlatitsa as of May 15, 2008 was 5390 people.
The Mayor of Zlatitsa is Magdalena Ivanova.

Symbol of Zlatitsa is the clock tower, built in 1777, almost 17 meters in height. The clock chime can be heard every hour at a distance of 7-8 km.
The city has many historical and cultural monuments, drinking water sources, a few houses from the Bulgarian Renaissance period, the church, built in 1859, a nunnery and a historical museum.
Zlatitsa offers many opportunities for tourism. The city is the starting point of various hiking trails in the Balkan mountain chain. The mountains are rich in plant and animal species. The region offers excellent opportunities for hiking in the mountains, mountain biking, fishing and hunting.



About the city
Shuangyashan city is located in the northeast of Heilongjiang Province and the northern foot of Vandshlan mountain, and central Sanjiang plains. In the east it borders with the Russian city of Bikin.
Shuangyashan is a prefecture-level city with natural resource potential such as coal, electricity, steel, grain.
City received its name from the two mountains in the north-east, the shape of which is similar to two sleeping ducks.
Shuangyashan City was founded in 1956.
City includes 8 counties (districts), 32 settlements, 415 administrative villages. On its territory there are 11 state-owned coal mines, 12 state farms, 60 logging companies, its total area is 22,500 square kilometers and its population is 1.51 million people, of which 510,000 people are urban residents.

Rich natural resources
Within the city of Shuangyashan there are 5 coal basins: Shuangyashan, Jixian, Baoqing, Tsisinhe, Shuanhua. The proven coal reserves in the city total 11.7 billion tons, which is 50% of coal reserves in the province of Heilongjiang.

The magnetite reserves in Shuangyashan exceed 120 million tons, ranking first in Heilongjiang Province, as well as gold, graphite, tungsten, white marble and other valuable minerals.

The area of arable land of the city is 1,300 hectares and is rich in soy, rice, corn, white sunflower seeds, red beans, etc. Forest area of 860,000 hectares, the amount of forest fund is 50 million cubic meters.
Environmental conditions
The city has a good ecological environment and pleasant scenery.
The city center is surrounded by 12 mountains with lush vegetation on three sides.
Four districts under its jurisdiction, are included into the list of national environmental counties. The Anbanhe River originates from the Vanytgaash mountains, and crosses the territory of the city of 5.2 km in length, known as the mother river of the city Shuangyashan, forming a unique landscape "city in the mountains, the water in the city, mountains and water are mixed."
Within the city there are famous at home and abroad the Ussuri River and the Damanskii Island.
Along the Ussuri River Shuangyashan borders with Russia over 128 kilometers. There is a crossing point of the first state-level category – Raohe, representing the gates of mainland China to the Far East of Russia.
Shuangyashan city has a pristine nature reserve of wetlands, and a national-level environmental-tourist area Yanvodao with a total area of 480,000 hectares.
There is an ecological tourist area Anbanhe in the national level wetlands park, as well as the cultural sites of ancient Fenglin cities, well-known in the country and outside, from Han and Wei periods, etc.

Currently, the city Shuangyashan vigorously implements the development strategy with regard to coalification and electrification of provincial levels, a key area of ferrous metal industry, demonstration zone of modern agriculture, trade zones and processing of organic products, which are focused on Russia; the Beydahuan tourist zone, and eco-city program "a city with five areas."
The city is on the path of development, expansion of the scope, quality increase, structure optimization and expansion of industry, restructuring and improve people's lives, making full use of the resource advantages in the areas of production of coal, steel, energy, food and other resources. The city puts in efforts to attract investment in the construction of major projects, seeking to get the most benefit from the resources, to give a powerful impetus for a breakthrough development of economy and society.

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